Liechtenstein is a landlocked country between Switzerland and Austria. The official currency is the Swiss franc. Liechtenstein is small, people know each other.
Liechtenstein is the sixth smallest state in the world; 24.8 km long and a maximum of 12.4 km wide.
Number of residents
38,114 (as at December 31, 2007)
Form of state
Hereditary constitutional monarchy on a democratic and parliamentary basis
Head of state
Prince Hans-Adam II. In 2004, Hereditary Prince Alois was named the representative of Prince Hans-Adam II for government affairs
Collegiate government with five members
25 members with a four-year term
11 municipalities, the largest of which is Schaan with 6,039 inhabitants
Lowest point: Ruggeller Riet 430 m above sea level
Highest point: Grauspitz 2,599 m above sea level
76 km (border with Switzerland 41.1 km, border with Austria 34.9 km)
Vaduz with 5,526 inhabitants
The official language is German. However, an Alemannic dialect is spoken.
79% Roman Catholic; 8% Protestant, 13% other
The valid currency in Liechtenstein is the Swiss franc (CHF). Euros are accepted in most places.
220 Volts AC
Telephone dialing code
In winter, the thermometer rarely drops below 15 degrees Celsius below zero, while in summer the average temperatures range between 20 and 28 degrees Celsius. The mountain climate, although mild, is strongly influenced by the south wind (Föhn).
Central European Time (GMT +1 hour), daylight saving time (+1 hour) from the last weekend of March to the last weekend of October.
General opening hours:
Monday to Friday 8 a.m. to 12 p.m., 1:30 p.m. to 6:30 p.m., Saturday 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. Grocery stores are also open on Sundays until 5 p.m.
Vaduz: From April to October, souvenir shops are also open on Sundays and public holidays.
Number of cross-border commuters
In 2017, 21,299 employees from abroad commuted to Liechtenstein
Did you know that ...
... with an area of just 160km² Liechtenstein is the fourth-smallest country in Europe and the sixth-smallest country in the world?
... the Principality is a real landlocked country without its own airport, harbor and highway?
... Liechtenstein does not have a currency of its own and has used the Swiss franc as its official currency since 1924?
... Liechtenstein has not had a military since 1868?
... more than 15,000 citizens in Liechtenstein are members of a sports club?
... the Gault-Millau restaurant guide has awarded high scores to no fewer than three restaurants in Liechtenstein?
... industry and manufacturing generate 40% of the country's gross value added?
... around half of Liechtenstein's territory is mountainous and that Liechtenstein is the only country with 100% of its area in the alpine region?
... per capita twice as many people in Liechtenstein attend music lessons as in Switzerland and five times more than in Germany?
... it is not uncommon for members of the government to take part in the country's diverse cultural scene as actors in musicals or musicians in orchestras and bands?
... there are a total of 1,000,000 clinker bricks around the government district in Vaduz. If laid out end to end they would measure 250 km, three times the length of Liechtenstein's border?
... with one business for every eight citizens, Liechtenstein probably has the highest proportion of companies per capita of any country in the world?
... the Liechtenstein Center in Vaduz is not only a popular tourism information office but geographically lies at the very center of Liechtenstein?
... the Museum of Fine Arts in Vaduz was given to Liechtenstein by private sponsors as a present for the new millennium?
... Liechtenstein has won ten Olympic medals?
... the highest mountain in Liechtenstein is the Grauspitz at 2,599 meters above sea level?
... the oldest handicraft company in Liechtenstein is the Schadler ceramic workshop in Nendeln?
... every sixth pizza that is eaten in Germany is thanks to the Liechtenstein-based company the Ospelt Group?
The foundation for the open border between Liechtenstein and Switzerland is the Customs Treaty of March 23 1923, as well as other agreements.
As there are therefore no customs checks between Liechtenstein and Switzerland, the Swiss customs regulations apply to entry to Liechtenstein from Austria. For more information on this subject, visit the website of the Federal Customs Administration.
Liechtenstein has been a full member of the European Economic Area (EEA) since May 1, 1995 and became a signatory to the Schengen Agreement on December 19, 2011.